The first bicycle was introduced to the world by German inventor, Karl Von Drais in 1816.  Although a primitive idea to us today, the concept of taking one wheel and putting it in front of the other while balancing had never been though of before this time. Up until this point, he Draisine or “running machine” , was the only form of transportation other than by horse or boat.Draisine

 

The concept of the velocipede quickly caught on and soon many people were making their own version of the bicycle.  By 1839 pedals powered velocipede was created by Kirkpatrick MacMillian.  Although not the conventional pedals we use today, the addition of this mechanism  aloud the rider to exert less energy and while using a more natural motion.

MacMillian